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Nine Baha'i Houses of Worship:
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Bahai Nine Baha'i Houses of Worship: - 24th June 2010, 03:38 PM

See details of the ninie Baha'i Houses of Worship around the world:

YouTube - The Nine Baha'i Temples
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23rd October 2010, 06:51 AM

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27th October 2010, 01:05 AM

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27th October 2010, 03:26 AM

Thank you very much for a view of the most sacred places of Baha'i. Breathtakingly Divine in nature and application.
Arthra, does the number "nine" have aparticular significance in Baha'i?
I've long percieved 9 (nine) to be the most spiritual of symbols. I can't explain why however.


Only Love Prevails, Don http://thehighwatch9.blogspot.com/
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Signicance of the number nine...
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Bahai Signicance of the number nine... - 27th October 2010, 05:10 AM

There are nine entrances to each Baha'i House of Worship.. Nine is considered a number of perfection .. the end or the ordinals. Nine is also the number in the Abjad reckoning of the name "Baha". The Abjad reckoning is the numerical value given each letter in the Arabic alphabet..

In a letter dated 9 July 1939 written on his behalf, Shoghi Effendi explains the significance of the number nine and its importance as a symbol:

...regarding the significance of the number nine: its importance as a symbol used so often in various connections by the believers lies in three facts.

First, it symbolizes the nine great world religions of which we have any definite historical knowledge, including the Babi and Bahá'í Revelations; second, it represents the number of perfection, being the highest single number; third, it is the numerical value of the word "Baha".


Further, in a letter dated 19 February 1932 written on behalf of the Guardian to an individual believer, the importance of the numerical value of the word "Baha" is set out:

Concerning the number nine:

the Bahá'ís reverence this for two reasons,

first because it is considered by those who are interested in numbers as a sign of perfection.

The second consideration, which is the more important one, is that it is the numerical value for the word "Baha". (B = 2, h = 5, a = 1, and there is an accent at the end of the word which also = 1; the 'a' after the 'B' is not written in Persian so it does not count.) In the Semitic languages – both Arabic and Hebrew – every letter of the alphabet had a numerical value, so instead of using figures to denote numbers they used letters and compounds of letters.

Thus every word had both a literal meaning and also a numerical value. This practice is no more in use but during the time of Bahá'u'lláh and the Bab it was quite in vogue among the educated classes, and we find it very much used in the Bayan. As the word "Baha" also stood for the number nine it could be used interchangeably with it.

Last edited by arthra; 27th October 2010 at 05:12 AM.
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29th October 2010, 02:32 AM

Virtual Tour - The Bahá'í House of Worship

virtual tour of The Baha'i House of Worship, Lotus Temple, New Delhi
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29th October 2010, 01:25 PM

I love the architecture and thanks for posting these beautiful pictures.


The important thing is to not stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing.-- Einstein
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Laying the foundation of the first House of Worship
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Laying the foundation of the first House of Worship - 7th January 2011, 02:59 AM



This is a priceless photo of the laying of the foundation stone of the first Baha'i House of Worship in Ishqabad, Russia and now Turkministan.

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7th January 2011, 10:11 AM

The laying of the foundation stone was in 1902..
In 1908 the basic building was completed and in 1919 the outer decoration was completed.. Here is a further description:

The edifice itself, the foundation stone of which was laid in the presence of General Krupatkin, the governor-general of Turkistan, who had been delegated by the Czar to represent him at the ceremony, has thus been minutely described by a Bahá'í visitor from the West: "The Mashriqu'l-Adhkar stands in the heart of the city; its high dome standing out above the trees and house tops being visible for 301 miles to the travelers as they approach the town. It is in the center of a garden bounded by four streets.

In the four corners of this enclosure are four buildings: one is the Bahá'í school; one is the traveler's house, where pilgrims and wayfarers are lodged; one is for the keepers, while the fourth one is to be used as a hospital.

Nine radial avenues approach the Temple from the several parts of the grounds, one of which, the principal approach to the building, leads from the main gateway of the grounds to the principal portal of the Temple." "In plan," he further adds, "the building is composed of three sections; namely, the central rotunda, the aisle or ambulatory which surrounds it, and the loggia which surrounds the entire building. It is built on the plan of a regular polygon of nine sides.

One side is occupied by the monumental main entrance, flanked by minarets -- a high arched portico extending two stories in height recalling in arrangement the architecture of the world famous Taj Mahal at Agra in India, the delight of the world to travelers, many of whom pronounce it to be the most beautiful temple in the world. Thus the principal doorway opens toward the direction of the Holy land.

The entire building is surrounded by two series of loggias -- one upper and one lower -- which opens out upon the garden giving a very beautiful architectural effect in harmony with the luxuriant semi-tropical vegetation which fills the garden...

The interior walls of the rotunda are treated in five distinct stories. First, a series of nine arches and piers which separate the rotunda from the ambulatory. Second, a similar treatment with balustrades which separate the triforium gallery (which is above the ambulatory and is reached by two staircases in the loggias placed one on either side of the main entrance) from the well of the rotunda. Third, a series of nine blank arches filled with fretwork, between which are escutcheons bearing the Greatest Name. Fourth, a series of nine large arched windows. Fifth, a series of eighteen bull's eye windows. Above and resting on a cornice surmounting this last story rises the inner hemispherical shell of the dome. The interior is elaborately decorated in plaster relief work... The whole structure impresses one by its mass and strength."


~ Shoghi Effendi, God Passes By, p. 300

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Turbulent history of Faith in Russia (Soviet Union)
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Turbulent history of Faith in Russia (Soviet Union) - 10th January 2011, 12:52 AM

"....the Bahá'í House of Worship was expropriated by the Soviet authorities in 1928 and leased back to the Bahá'ís until 1938 when it was fully secularized by the communist government and turned into an art gallery.

However the records of events shows an increasing hostility to the Bahá'is between 1928 and 1938.[17] From 1928 free rent was set for 5 years and the Bahá'ís were asked to make certain repairs which they did. But in 1933 before the 5 year rent agreement was expired the government suddenly decided expensive renovations would be required. These unexpected requirements were accomplished but in 1934 complaints about the condition of the building were again laid. However inquires from abroad silenced the complaints. But in 1936 escalated demands of were made beyond the resources of the local community. However the Bahá'ís of Turkistan and the Caucasus rallied and were able to sustain the construction requested. Then the government made moves to confiscate the main gardens of the property to provide for a playground of a school (the school itself being confiscated from the Bahá'ís originally) which would wall off the grounds from the Bahá'ís leaving only and entrance to the temple through a side entrance rather than the main entrance facing the front of the property. Protests lead to the abandonment of this plan but then in 1938 all pretexts came to an end.[17]

The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake seriously damaged the building and rendered it unsafe; the heavy rains of the following years weakened the structure, and it was demolished in 1963 and the site converted into a public park.[13] With the Soviet ban on religion, the Bahá'ís, strictly adhering to their principle of obedience to legal government, abandoned its administration and its properties were nationalized.[18]

By 1938, with the NKVD (Soviet secret police) and the policy of religious oppression most Bahá'ís were sent to prisons and camps or sent abroad; Bahá'í communities in 38 cities ceased to exist. In the case of Ashgabat Bahá'í sources indicate[17] on February 5 the members of the assembly, leaders of the community and some general members of the community to a total of 500 people were arrested, homes were searched and all records and literature were confiscated claiming they were working for the advantage of foreigners and sometimes forced to dig their own graves as part of the interrogation. It is believed one woman set fire to her self and died later in a hospital. The women and children were largely exiled back to Iran."

Source:

Bahá'í Faith in Turkmenistan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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